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60                                   FLORA INDTCA.                     [Dilleniacea.

Tribus If.

Sepala persistentia, herbacea, sestivatione imbricata. Petala plana,
Anthera demum tortiles. Ovaria' 2-5, multiovulata, disco carnoso
cincta. lollicuU totidem. tofwdf inagna, albumine carnoso.


'Sepala 5, persistentia, herbacea. . Petala 5-10. Ctotfrw -5. $ol-
liculi ovati, pofyspermi. Semina subglobosa.  Herbae erecta, foliis
pinnatim decompo&itis, floribus conspicuis solitariis purpureis vel albi*.

Natives of Europe and Northern Asia, and of North America west of the Rocky
Mountains, growing in mountain woods and pastures. The species have been much
cultivated, and floricultural botanists have devoted much labour to the discriminajbion
of many-supposed species, chiefly of garden-origin. Specimens in herbaria ace often
very imperfect, but we observe that authors readily admit glabrous-leaved' varieties
of the pubescent-leaved species (a character on which De Candolle divides the genus
into two 'sections), and that glabrous and densely tomentose fruited plants are not
considered specifically distinguishable. We are inclined to believe that all the erect-
fruited herbaceous forms belong* to one species, as we can see no distinctions in the
shape of the leaves sufficient to distinguish from, one another P. officinalis and P.
peregrina. We have not had an opportunity of seeing fruiting specimens of f. ano-
ma,la, L., the common Siberian species, which is nndistinguishable in the herbarium
in a flowering state, but is characterized by the spreading carpels.

P. officinalis (L. Sp. 747) ; herbacea, foliis biternatim sectis,
cisis, lobis oblongis lanceolatisve aeutis, folliculis 1-3 erectis
tomeiitosis vel glabris.  DC. Syst. i. 839, Prod. i. 65. P. peregrine,
DO. trod. L 66. P. intermedia, C. A. Meyer in Led. II. Alt. ii 277 ;
led. II. Eo*s. \. 74. P. Emodi, J^aU. Cat. 47^7 ! Hoyle/IlL 57.

HAB. In Himalaya occidental! temperata interior!, alt. 5-10,000
ped.: a Kashmir! ad Kumaon!  (I1!. Mai.) (v. v.)
DISTKIB. Europa australis ! Sibiria Altaica 1

Serba erecta, 1-2-pedalis, glabra. Folia 6-12-poll., subtus pallida, glabra vel-
pubescentia. Floret albi rosei vel pnrpnre! (in Indicia albi), extus bracteis 2-3
calyci adpressis foliaceis lanceolatis. Sepala ovalia vel rotuudata, 2-3 ext. apice in
appendicem foliaceam lanceolatam ezpansa. Discus parvns annularis ovaria cingens.
Ovaria dense tomentosa vel glabra.

Himalayan specimens of this species are not distinguishable from those of Europe
and Siberia. The pubescence of 'the fruit is of no value as a character, for among
the few Indian specimens in fruit before us, that of Jacquemont is quite glabrous,
while Major Madden's is densely strigose.


Segala 5, persiatentia^ sestivatione imbricata (quinconcialia), rarius
pluriserialia,   Petala 5, decidua, seativatione imbricata, unum s^pe

exterius.   Stamina hypogyna, pluriserialia, indefimta.   Anther a \>SAI-
fiise, introrsae Vel kterales, rarius eitrorsae, bilocularea, longitudinaliter